CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND HUMAN ACTIVITIES IN RELATION TO NORTHEAST ASIAN
LAND-OCEAN INTERACTIONS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT

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The Training Course for Young Scientists was held at the A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, October 24-28, 2005. A total of about 30 persons, consisting of Russian participants from the A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Pacific Institute of Geography, Pacific Oceanological Institute (RAS) and Far Eastern National University, 2 overseas participants from China and Korea, and a representative of APN attended.

The participants of the training course spent the first day in the A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology and listen to 6 lectures. Welcoming speech was made by Dr. A.V. Adrianov, principal infestigator of the APN project, fulfilled the duties of IMB Director as well.

Konstantin A. Lutaenko, Senior Research Scientist of the A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, President of the Russian Far Eastern Malacological Society, Vladivostok, 690041 RUSSIA.

In the lecture of Dr. Lutaenko "What is global change?" was presented information about international programmes and organizations involved in the studying of global changes: IGBP, IHDP, Diversitas, WCRP, APN and others.

To see more detailed abstract of lecture, click here.

Linda Anne Stevenson, Programme Manager for Scientific Affairs of Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research.

The main problems which were covered in Lindaís lecture "Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research: Effectively Bridging Science and Policy" are APN and its second strategic phase, APNís core strategies, APNís vision, APN science agenda, and bridging policy and science.

To see more detailed abstract of lecture, click here.

Aleksei A. Korotky, Head of the Laboratory of Pale geography, Pacific Institute of Geography, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690041 RUSSIA.

To see more detailed abstract of lecture "Comparative analysis of environmental changes of Tumen River and character of their changes for the last 2000 years" (in Russian), click here.

Natalia I. Rudykh, Senior Engineer of the Laboratory of Ocean Information and Monitoring, Pacific Oceanological Institute, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690041, RUSSIA.

The lecture "Climate variability in the northeast Asia" deals with major patterns of the different scale climate variability in the Northern Asian Pacific based mainly on statistical analyses the climatic oscillations and trends in the sea surface temperature and precipitation for the Northeast Asia.

To see more detailed abstract of lecture, click here.

Anatoly A. Kachur, Deputy Director of the Pacific Geographical Institute, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the Pollution Monitoring Regional Activity Center (POMRAC) of UNEP North West Pacific Action Plan (NOWPAP), Vladivostok, 690041, RUSSIA.

Dr. A. Kachur made report "Complex management problems within the coastal zones of the Far-Eastern seas" and told about the programs of nature protection and sustainable use of Tumen and Razdolnaya/Suifunhe watersheds and adjoining coastal zones.

To see more detailed abstract of lecture, click here.

Soh Kuh Kang, Principal Research Scientist of the Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute, Ansan City, Seoul, 425600, KOREA.

Dr. Soh Kuh Kang delivered a  lecture "Sea level rise in the East/Japan Sea and practical aspects".

To see CV of Dr. Soh Kuh Kang, click here.

The second and third days were held at recreation department "Portovik". Early in the morning participants of the training course departed from Vladivostok to the recreation department located on the opposite side of Amursky Bay by two boats. The first half of the Tuesday, October 25, 2005, was devoted to field excursion to the coast of Amursky Bay and nearby freshwater lake.

Marina A. Vaschenko, Head of the Laboratory of Cytophysiology of the A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690041 RUSSIA.

In her lecture "Ecological state of Amursky Bay" Marina has presented information about the annual wastewater volume discharging into the bay, its composition, eutrophication, contamination of bottom sediments and the state of benthos communities. During the period from 1988 to 2000, the 44% decrease in the volume of wastewaters and 6-fold decrease in the mass of contaminants discharging into Amursky Bay has been registered. Nevertheless, no positive conclusion about improvement of the state of coastal ecosystems in Amursky Bay in 2000s compared to 1980s and 1990s could be made.

To see more detailed abstract of lecture, click here.

Iraida G. Syasina, Senior Research Scientist of the A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690041 RUSSIA.

National and international monitoring programs have been undertaken by many countries for many years. Several biomarkers are currently used to determine chronic exposure of marine organisms to the environmental contaminant. Lecture was devoted to the consideration of histopathological biomarkers and biomarkers of endocrine disruption in wildlife. Intersex and imposex conditions are well known examples of endocrine disruption in marine organisms. The lecture reports the comparative data on imposex occurrence in northeast Asia. Studies concerned with tributyltin contamination and imposex occurrence in Russian Far East was emphasized are totally lacking.

To see more detailed abstract of the lecture "Biomarkers of marine environment contamination", click here.

Tatiana Morozova, Research Scientist of the A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia.

Tatianaís lecture "Monitoring of harmful algae in the area of mollusk farms in the Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan" presented information about harmful and toxic algae and algal blooms in the Peter the Great Bay. At present time cases of human poisoning or any damage were not recorded. But due to the presence of potentially toxic microalgae, regular monitoring of phytoplankton in the Russian NOWPAP area is a necessary.

To see more detailed abstract of lecture, click here.

Olga Shevchenko, Research Scientist of the A.V. Zhimunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690041 RUSSIA.

"Identification Harmful and Bloom Forming Phytoplankton Species" is the title of the phytoplankton practical training which was conducted at the coast of Amursky Bay. The main goal of that training was to train and upgrade qualified young scientists in the identification of phytoplankton species under the light microscope. The training included as the examination of the collection of fixed and live material as well the study of the relevant techniques of phytoplankton specimensí collection and taxonomic characteristic essential for identification. Special attention was paid to the identification of bloom and harmful species belonging to the different groups.

To see more detailed description of practical training, click here.

Richard Cheung, Associate Professor of the Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, P.R. CHINA.

In his report "Body burden of environmental contaminants in oysters and mussels collected from the Pearl River Delta (Gangdong province, China)" R. Cheung told about organization of environmental monitoring in Pearl River Delta. Economic development in Rearl River Delta creates tremendous environmental pressure to the coastal waters of PLD. Oysters and mussels have been used as bio-monitors and were collected from 31 monitoring locations. Samples were analyzed for heavy metals, petroleum hydrocarbons, organo-chlorine pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls. Results of this survey were presented.

To see more detailed abstract of lecture, click here.

Dr. R. Cheung visited several laboratories of the IMB FEB RAS including the Laboratory of the Ecology of Shelf Communities. The scientists have exchanged the results of current state of harmful algae studies in the coastal areas of Russian Far East and Hong Kong.